Bachelard, Gaston

A founding figure in the historically oriented French tradition in philosophy of science, Bachelard was also concerned with the characteristics of creative thought in the arts. Like Thomas Kuhn, Bachelard argued against a pervasive view of science as continuously cumulative knowledge. On the contrary, science passes through sharp ruptures or breaks in its history, each new practice of science requiring the abandonment of previous epistemologies . In general, the advance of science is a struggle against the ‘epistemological obstacles’ constituted by extra-scientific ideologies -which include philosophical (mis)representations of science themselves. Bachelard's work was important in shaping the ideas of many French intellectuals of a younger generation, most notably Louis Althusser and Michel Foucault . See also paradigm.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Bachelard, Gaston — (1884 1962)    philosopher    Born in Bar sur Aube, Gaston Bachelard worked for the Ministry of Communications and studied both the sciences and philosophy, then taught in the Faculty of Letters at Dijon (1930 40) and later at the sorbonne.… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Bachelard, Gaston — (1884–1962) French philosopher of science, largely self taught, who from 1940 to 1955 was the professor of history and philosophy of science at the Sorbonne in Paris. Bachelard propounds a view of science not as a gradually increasing total body… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bachelard, Gaston — See Science ( …   History of philosophy

  • Bachelard — Bachelard, Gaston …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Gaston Bachelard — (27 de junio de 1884 16 de octubre de 1962) fue un filósofo francés (epistemólogo), poeta, físico, profesor de física y crítico francés. Autor inclasificable, estuvo interesado por la historia de la ciencia, moderna o contemporánea, y al mismo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bachelard — (Gaston) (1884 1962) philosophe français. épistémologue (le Nouvel Esprit scientifique, 1934), il a entrepris une psychanalyse existentielle de la matière: Psychanalyse du feu (1938), l Eau et les Rêves (1942), l Air et les Songes (1943), la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gaston Bachelard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bachelard (homonymie). Gaston Bachelard Philosophe français XXe siècle Naissance 27 juin  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gaston Bachelard — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = 20th Century Philosophy color = #B0C4DE image caption = name = Gaston Bachelard birth = 1884 death = 1962 school tradition = main interests = Philosophy of science influences = influenced =… …   Wikipedia

  • Bachelard — Gaston Bachelard Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bachelard (homonymie). Gaston Bachelard Philosophe français XXe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gaston Bachelard — (* 27. Juni 1884 in Bar sur Aube; † 16. Oktober 1962 in Paris) war ein französischer Philosoph, der sich mit Wissenschaftstheorie und Dichtung gleichermaßen beschäftigte. In Wissenschaft wie künstlerischer Imagination sah Bachelard zwei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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